Trafalgar Square is located in the very heart of London and is famous among tourists for its picturesque views, spectacular cultural events, historic heritage, fountains and... pigeons. The landscape of the Square, with its well-known Charing Cross (a juncture of three important streets in London) and a 44-metre Nelson's Column guarded by four bronze lions at its base, was initially developed by John Nash and then finished by Sir Charles Barry in the middle of the 19th century. The Square serves as a place for various celebrations, such as Christmas, the New Year's, Victory in Europe Day (8 May, 1945), political demonstrations, a number of sports events, and others. This place can be hired for private rallies or as a set for making a film. The name "Trafalgar" commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar (1805) and the British naval victory in the wars with Napoleon.
Another two items that have attracted tourists to the Square are the fountains and the pigeons. Notably, the fountains were initially constructed in the 19th century to reduce the open space and the possible risk of riots and revolutions. The pigeons have been an integral part of the square, often fed by the tourists and locals, but the constant problem of cleaning the territory from the pigeon droppings has forced the authority to ban the tourists from feeding the birds on the square.
Trafalgar square is popularly used in films and programs to suggest a generic London location and is even associated with England as a whole.
***Based on the articles from these sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trafalgar_Square and http://www.london.gov.uk/trafalgarsquare/
Assignment 1: Vocabulary. Read the following words, write them out into your notebook, check the meaning in the dictionary and remember them in their context:
- picturesque views
- a landscape
- to be guarded
- to be initially developed
- to be hired for private rallies
- a film set
- to commemorate
- a riot
- pigeon droppings
- to suggest a generic London location
Assignment 2: Grammar. Passive Voice.
Find all the examples of the Passive Voice in this text. Write the examples out and translate them. Why is Passive Voice so often used in this text?
Assignment 3: Comprehension questions. Please, answer the following questions.
- Why is Trafalgar Square so significant?
- How was it built/developed?
- How does the Square function nowadays?
- Why does the Square have so many fountains?
- What do you think about the "pigeon problem?"
Assignment 4: Research. Find out more information about Trafalgar Square. Share what you have learned in class orally or in writing.